Does Inflation Affect Stock Prices?

When inflation increases, purchasing power declines, and each dollar can buy fewer goods and services.

Inflation similar to the way bonds impact the price of dividend-paying stocks are affected by interest rates—when inflation rises, income stock prices generally decline.

Do stock prices account for inflation?

Stocks can beat inflation over time because companies can raise prices to account for rising costs brought about by inflation. For example, when cost of sales and wages increases due to inflation, companies can simply pass on the higher cost to consumers by raising prices over time.

Why does inflation make stock prices fall?

A second way inflation directly affects stocks has the opposite effect. That is, it should cause them to increase in value. Rising prices means companies are able to make more money from every computer game, sofa or pastry they sell. This results in stock prices falling when they shouldn’t.

Do stocks protect against inflation?

Stocks are not good short-term hedges against rapidly increasing inflation, but bonds are worse. Bonds are promises to pay in dollars, and those dollars are fixed unless you hold Treasury inflation-protected securities or other IOUs that adjust their payments with changes in the general level of prices.

What makes stock price go up?

By this we mean that share prices change because of supply and demand. If more people want to buy a stock (demand) than sell it (supply), then the price moves up. Conversely, if more people wanted to sell a stock than buy it, there would be greater supply than demand, and the price would fall.